Nepal is an ideal destination for any kinds of vacations to go to. Trekking, mountaineering, adventure sports, private leisure tours and pilgrimage are usual holiday activities. Apart from these normal vacations the country is equally important for the Fossil Research. Over the years lots of archaeologists, geologists and scientists have conducted numerous “Fossil Research in Nepal”. Especially the presence of mountains and rivers has prompted the country as an ideal destination for such research. Moreover, the country is landlocked but the fossil found in Nepal contains the sea shell too. This proves that Himalayas were once inside the large sea or ocean.
What is Fossil?
Fossils are the traces or the mineralized footprints form of plants, animals and other organism. Fossil Record is shown as the presence of the fossiliferous which is also termed as fossil-containing rock as well as the sedimentary strata. The study of the fossil is within the science of paleontology and geology. The major scientific reason behind the fossil research is to identify the pre-historic age of the earth itself. Normally these fossils have no minimum age but it is believed that these are of several billions or thousands years old.
It preserves the sections of the dead organism. Normally the mineralized portions of the organism when it was alive are imprinted either on sand or rock for example bone, teeth, chitinous exoskeletons etc. Sometimes the footprints or marks of the organisms are only imprinted on the rocks other than the actual body of the organism. These are called as the Trace Fossils and the body imprinted is termed as body fossils.
Fossils Research Location in Nepal
There are numerous places within Nepal where lots of fossils are found. While doing the “Fossil Research in Nepal” one can have the mesmerizing holiday too. Such is the beauty of Nepal. Tui Khola, Surai Khola, Tinau Khola, Rato Khola, Dudhaura Khola, Kathmandu Valley, Tansen, Limi Valley, Humla, Kaligandaki, Tribenidham and Damodar kunda are the major places for the fossils research in Nepal. In fact Nepalese Siwalik region is considered as the best place for the fossil study.
Hindu Religion and Fossil
The fossil stones also known as the Ammonite are found on the Kaligandaki River bank. These fossils are considered as sacred and symbolize the Hindu Lord Vishnu. The types of fossils found between Damodar Kunda and Tribeni Dham along the Kaligandaki River bank are Garbha, Damodar, Chakrabarti, Chakraraj, Kaal, Billa, Arghabatar etc. However, these stones are on the verge of extinction. Commercialization of such stones in the name of tourism has raised greater concern among the Hindu pundits. However, these stones hold special place among geologists regarding the study of the rocks. The same fossil found in Himalayan belts of Nepal proved that once earth had just water.